The Greek Reaction to German Occupation

Ταυτότητα άρθρου: Gerolymatos, Andre. "The Greek Reaction to German Occupation". Hellenic Heritage. 2006-01. Available electronically from
From his book "Guerrilla Warfare & Espionage in Greece 1940-1944"ISBN 0918618-50-9 Published by Pella, 337 W. 36 Street, New York, N.Y. 10018

by Andre Gerolymatos

In the first days of the occupation, the German army behaved with almost extreme courtesy toward the general public. German soldiers paid for anything they bought and were particularly well mannered in encounters with Greek officers. Hitler, on the recommendation of Field Marshal List and Gunther Altenburg, the Reich Plenipotentiary, had ordered the immediate release of all Greek officers and other ranks who had been taken as prisoners of war. In fact, during the German invasion of Greece, Hitler had instructed the Wehrmacht to treat every captured Greek officer with military courtesy and permit them to retain their personal swords.
The government of Tsolakoglou, created by the Axis, attempted to be as accommodating as possible and believed that Hitler could be prevailed upon to keep out the Italians. One of Altenburg's first reports from Greece was to pass on a message of thanks from the Greek government, supported by telegrams from medical and professional associations, with the request that Hitler take Greece under his protection. Symbolic gestures made by the Germans such as maintaining the Greek flag on public buildings and the honor guard at the tomb of the unknown soldier made a positive impression during the first weeks of the occupation.[…]

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