The article first situates the historical context of the declaration of repentance, weapon of propaganda and expression of anti-communism, largely employed by the Greek regimes before, during and after the Greek civil war. It studies the discourse of the declaration, its ideological foundations, its functioning, its impact on the subjectivity of the signatories as well as its impact on political and social life. It analyses the successive legal texts that denied political prisoners the recognition of their status and institutionalised the declaration of repentance as the only alternative to imprisonment and deportation. In the context of the civil war, the prisoners had to choose between persisting in their 'ideological error' and the rejection of their political or military action against the Nazi occupation, the collaborative militias and the governmental army. It analyses how the declaration destroyed the prisoner morally, robbed him of his identity, his social face, an entire part of his history and especially his dignity, and how it could lead to a complete transfomation of the signatory, forced to adopt the ideology of his enemies. Finally governmental propaganda on these declarations seals the exclusion of the left from the political landscape of the country.
Pour citer cet article
Christina Alexopoulos, « La déclaration de repentir dans la Grèce des années 1940», Cahiers balkaniques, 38-39 | 2011, 85-98.
Christina Alexopoulos, « La déclaration de repentir dans la Grèce des années 1940», Cahiers balkaniques [En ligne], 38-39 | 2011, mis en ligne le 30 novembre 2011, consulté le 21 octobre 2012. URL : http://ceb.revues.org/773