Μετάφραση: Χρύσα Νάντρις
Ημ. Έκδοσης: 01/01/1991
From Grammos to Tet: American Intervention in Greece and Beyond
by ELIAS VLANTON
Pella Publishing Company. 1983-10.σελ. 71 έως 80
Available electronically from
American Intervention in Greece, 1943-1949 by LAWRENCE WITTIER.
Contemporary American History Series, William E. Leuchtenburg,
General Editor. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982.
xiv+445. $19.95. History.
Although it is common knowledge that fascism and the devastation it brought to Europe was rooted in the Spanish Civil War, we have forgotten the source of America's postwar policy. The battles of Vitsi and Grammos, fought on the ragged mountains of northern Greece between poorly armed guerrillas and American-advised Greek soldiers, are as closely linked to America's entire Cold War policies culminating in the intervention in Vietnam as the march of Franco into Madrid was to the Blitzkreig. The Greek Civil War was the first U.S. military intervention of the Cold War, and the boldness of our foreign policy, at least until Vietnam, stems directly from the Greek "success."
Lawrence Wittner has written a book that will force a complete break with all previous scholarship on the Greek Civil War, as well as make an important contribution to U.S. historiography on the postwar period. Making extensive use of recently available American and British archives, and previously published accounts, Wittner's book details a degree of American involvement in Greece that will surprise even the most cynical. I have worked with many of the documents from the military and diplomatic files that Wittner used, and I still find the whole story, as he puts it together, amazing. Who would believe, for example, that the American embassy wrote speeches for the Greek prime
minister, or that the original Greek government request for American aid "to fight external aggression" that launched the Truman Doctrine was actually drafted in Washington? American Intervention in Greece would be good if it were only a compilation of the most revealing documents of the period, but the book also weaves the documents into an understanding of American policy not only in Greece but since Greece:
American intervention in Greece was the predecessor of American involvement in Vietnam and El Salvador.
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